A bunion is a bump that develops at the base of the joint of the big toe. This deformity is especially common among women. It's actually a misalignment of the joint of the big toe. The misalignment causes the big toe to turn inward towards the other toes. Left untreated, bunions can become red and inflamed and lead to other foot problems, such as hammertoe. However, some people who have bunions don’t experience any pain at all. Bunions, as well as many foot problems, typically worsen with age.
Bunions generally have a genetic component but can also be the result of foot injuries and certain types of arthritis, especially inflammatory types such as arthritis. Poorly fitted shoes, particularly those with a narrow, pointed toe box that forces the toes into an unnatural position, likely play a role as well.
Bunion symptoms include:
Non-surgical treatment for bunions includes wearing roomy shoes that have a wide and deep toe box, using aids such as bunion pads, arch supports, or custom-made orthotics. Apply moleskin or felt patches over the bunion to protect it from rubbing against the inside of your shoes. You should also take anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and naproxen for the pain and swelling or acetaminophen (like Tylenol).
If you do not receive any relief from non-surgical procedures, bunion surgery may be an option for you.This is only recommended after you have exhausted other treatment options and your bunions continue to cause frequent pain or interfere with your daily activities. There are numerous procedures for bunions, and Dr. Pacheco can help you decide what is best. The most common goal of bunion surgery is to relieve pain, correct the deformity of the bone, and realign the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint at the base of the big toe.
*Individual results may vary
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